Sewing Interfacing And What Is It Used For?

In sewing, interfacing is an important fabric attached within garments as well as other things you will be sewing for and around your home.
What is sewing interfacing?  Interfacing comes in fusible and sew-in as their main types.  Within those types, there are multiple interfacings for different fabrics, materials, and applications.  Interfacing helps to stabilize the fabric for construction purposes and sometimes it’s for finishing a garment. 
You will not see interfacing on the outside (right side) of the fabric.  It is always on the inside making it hidden from plain view.

Interfacing has multiple arrays of uses in sewing. These include bags, clothing, and even home decor items.  

The following is a list of interfacings I have complied with their applications and care instructions.  

Pellon Fusible Interfacing

This fusible interfacing adds excellent stability and definition to home-made clothing. For use with buttonhole plackets, pockets, and cuffs. This interfacing is made of 100% polyester. It is ultra-lightweight fusible interfacing best for use with medium to lightweight fabrics. It is easy to iron-on and is machine washable in nonchlorine bleach or dry clean. Tumble dry on a low setting only. It usually comes in a width of 20 inches in white.  

Pellon SF101 Shape-Flex Fusible Interfacing

This fusible interfacing adds a crisp support to light to medium knit and woven fabrics. It is suitable for use with multiple types of material from; gingham, madras, Tattersall, pin cord, flannel, oxford cloth, chambray, and polyester/cotton blends. This fusible all-purpose, woven interfacing creates excellent support for collars, cuffs, facings, yokes, pockets, and other areas of garment making. This stabilizer adds prominent stability to needlework and punch type embroideries. It is comprised of 100% cotton and comes in white. You can machine wash and dry this stabilizer with warm water and medium heat for the dryer.  

Pellon 987F Fusible Fleece

This fusible fleece interfacing adds a soft layer of stability to home decorative items, crafts, and garments. It is a one-sided, lower-loft fusible fleece made of 100% polyester. It adds a soft-bodied layer of stability to multiple projects. This interfacing is a one-sided fusible fleece and is considered a low-loft. With this interfacing, you can fuse it to different applications like fabric, cardboard, paper, and wood. This stuff is great to use because it eliminates the need for basting and pinning. It is safe for use in sewing machines. 

Pellon 809 Decor Bond

This decor bond is firm bodied interfacing. It gives crisp support that is firm. It is also fusible and great for use with projects like draperies, placemats, lampshades, etc. It is made of a rayon and poly blend and is safe for machine sewing. By using a double layer of this, you can increase the rigidness of your project. It comes in white.  

Pellon TP971F Fusible Thermolam Plus

With this fusible thermolam plus interface, you can use it for extra lofty projects. It is fusible on one side. Great for crafting projects, home decorating, lunch boxes, and quilting. This interfacing is made of 100% polyester. It is a needle-punched fleece that stays lofty and fluffy after fusing to fabric, wood, or cardboard. It is safe for the sewing machine and can be washed and dried in the dryer on low to medium settings.  

Pellon 830 Easy Pattern 

This lightweight, durable, and secure non-woven, non-fusible interfacing is excellent for use in making patterns and tracing. You can also use this interface for altering, tracing, and duplicating patterns. The really cool thing is this stuff is inkjet printer safe. So you can print out pattern pieces from your home computer. This interfacing is safe for sewing machines.  

Heat n Bond Craft Fusible Web Interfacing

By using heat n bond craft interfacing, you will add a sturdy structure to your created projects. It is made from 100% polyester. It has a layer of fusible adhesive on one side, which is suitable for fabric-based projects. It is machine washable and safe to use with your sewing machine. It is a great interfacing to use with applique projects because it is so nice and sturdy to work with. 

Pellon 360 EZ-Stitch 

This non-woven interfacing is more of a stabilizer which is designed for use with machine embroidery. This is the one stabilizer I have used the most in all my years of sewing. You can easily tear-away the stabilizer from your finished embroidery. It helps you to keep the fabric you are embroidering on to stay flat and not pucker. It’s nice tear-away feature works well with the embroidery stitching creating like a perforated line to tear-away from. It is a lightweight stabilizer that can be doubled or even tripled under the fabric you are using. You can machine wash it, but over time it will start to deteriorate. I would recommend if you are getting into machine embroidery to go ahead and buy a whole bolt of this stuff when it is on sale or with a coupon. You will use a lot of this stuff.  

Pellon 808 Craft-Fuse Fusible Stabilizer

With the craft-fuse stabilizer, you will add body and strength to all your apparel, home decor, and crafting projects. This stabilizer is fusible and is safe for your sewing machine. It will keep you from not gum up your sewing needle and jam the thread in the sewing machine. For use in projects that need extra stiffness in areas. It is machine washable.

Pellon SF101 Shape-Flex

 This fun interfacing actually comes in black. It is an all-purpose, woven, fusible interfacing. It is 100% cotton with the fusible portion on one side to permanently adhere to what you are working on. For garments, it adds nice support for collars, cuffs, yokes, plackets, pockets, facings, and other areas. By using the black version of this interfacing, it will not show through the stitching on darker garments and projects as the white would. It is also used for hand needleworking and embroidery. 

Pellon FF77 Flex-Foam Interfacing Stabilizer 

Flex-Foam interfacing is a lightweight stitch-in stabilizer that has a layer of foam between two pieces of soft fabric. This is excellent to use for crafting and home decor projects. It is easy to sew with and is safe for the sewing machine. The fabric is 100% polyester, and the foam is made of 100% polyurethane. This stabilizer is excellent for use in project crafts, accessories, and home décor projects for an elegant puffy finish. Mix this stabilizer with other stabilizers to create unique projects. Flex-foam is excellent for lunch bags, computer bags, backpacks, eyeglass cases, cup holders for hot coffee, and numerous other things. It is machine washable.  

Pellon 541 Wash-N-Gone 

Wash-n-go is a stabilizer for use in machine embroidery. It is also great for applique, cut-work, and monogramming. It is also great for using on top of towels or any fabric item that has a high loft to it. It holds the loft down and allows the stitching to go now nicely. The best thing about this stabilizer is when you use water, it will wash away and leave no trace of stabilizer. It is safe for sewing in your sewing machine. It is made of 100% PolyVinyl Alcohol.  

Pellon 71F Peltex One-Sided Fusible Ultra Firm Stabilizer

This ultra firm stabilizer gives the extra support to fabric that has one fusible side. It is a heavyweight, ultra-firm, fusible that is great for crafting, accessories, home decor, and quilting projects. It’s easy to sew with and safe for sewing machines. It won’t lose its shape or flatten out over time with use. It is 100% polyester. It can be washed and put in the dryer on low heat. 

Pellon 805 Wonder Under

Wonder under stabilizer is a paper-backed fusible webbing that is great for use with a multitude of projects. It is quick and easy to use and safe for the sewing machine. Bet for fabrics, apparel, home decor, and crafting projects. It is made from 100% polyester. It will remain soft after fusing to the fabric. Machine washable warm and tumble dry on low heat.  

Pellon 911FF Fusible Featherweight Interfacing

This Fusible Featherweight Interfacing can be used in most apparel projects. This fusible interfacing is non-woven and made of a mixture of polyester and rayon. It is suitable for lightweight to medium-weight fabrics. Use this interfacing with chambray, wovens and knits, jersey, broadcloth, and linen. It is sewing machine approved. Machine wash warm and tumble dry low.  

Pellon 72F Peltex Two-Sided Fusible Ultra Firm Stabilizer

Peltex fusible ultra firm stabilizer is a two-sided fusible interfacing that has a lot of extra support for projects. It is a really firm, heavyweight, smooth, stabilizer that is great for accessories, crafting, home decor, costuming, and quilting. It is safe for your sewing machine and easy to sew with. It doesn’t flatten out with ironing or steam. Easy to care for by machine washing warm water and tumble dry on low heat. This stabilizer can be dry cleaned.  

Pellon 975 Insul-Fleece 

Insul-fleece consists of a fleece blend that reflects heat or cold, which helps retain the desired temperature for a more extended period.  It is made of polyester and aluminized polyethylene. This interfacing is excellent because it insulates to keep your hot things hot and cool things cold for a more considerable time than traditional fleece will.  It is nice and soft and has a comfortable with a medium loft. This is an excellent interfacing for use with kitchen accessories, lunch boxes, crafting projects, and clothing.  It is easy to sew with your sewing machine and can be washed and dried in the dryer. Machine wash on warm water setting and tumble dry on low. Use only a warm setting on the iron. Although it is not heat proof or fire-resistant. It shouldn’t be used in the microwave either. This insul-fleece is excellent for insulating coats, jackets, lunch totes, grocery cooler bags, casserole carriers, and potholders. 

Pellon-Flex Foam 1 Sided Fusible Stabilizer

Flex-Foam is a 1-Sided Fusible lightweight stabilizer that has a fusible side on one side only. It combines a fusible side with the inside being a foam you can sandwich between two different pieces of fabric. This stabilizer is excellent for crafting projects, accessories, home decor, and costumes. It is safe for sewing machine and sews easily. I can bend and hold shape well for things like eyeglass cases, purses, totes, computer cases, iPad cases, diaper bags, and much more. It is made of a polyester fabric outer and inner of polyurethane. Machine washable on warm, gentle cycle and tumble dry low or air dry.  

Pellon 40 Midweight Stabilizer

Pellon 40 Midweight Stabilizer is an excellent medium weight stabilizer that adds crisp support in crafts and home decor. This stabilizer is a sew-in made of a viscose and polyester blend. It’s safe for the sewing machine and excellent for use in tote bags, quilted purses, hat brims, etc. It is machine washable with warm water and can be dried on medium or lower heat setting.  

Pellon 988 Fleece Interfacing

This fleece interfacing is a sew-in interfacing that helps add a full and lofty body to your fabric projects. You can use it as padding or in quilting applications as the batting that goes inside the quilt. It is comprised of 100% polyester and is safe to sew within your sewing machine. Machine wash warm on delicate cycle and tumble dry on medium or low settings. It is available in the color white.

Pellon 926 Extra-Firm Stabilizer

This stabilizer is excellent to work with. It is easy to sew with on your sewing machine and even to cut. Pellon 926 Extra-Firm Stabilizer is a heavyweight sew-in stabilizer for firm applications which is still flexible and can be shaped. Projects this stabilizer is excellent for is purses, bowls, costumes, home decor, and other crafting applications. It is made of a polyester and rayon mix, with 90% polyester and 10% rayon. It is sewing machine safe and machine washable in warm water, tumble dry medium heat.  

Pellon 70 Peltex Sew-In Ultra Firm Stabilizer

Pellon 70 Peltex is a sew-In Ultra Firm Stabilizer. It is a heavyweight, smooth, but ultra-firm sew-in stabilizer that is excellent for crafting accessories, home decor, quilting, and costumes. It is easy to use and is safe for the sewing machine. It has no grain and can be cut in multiple directions and will not distort or lose its shape. The ultra-firm stabilizer will not flatten out when steamed. This stabilizer is made of 100% polyester, machine wash in warm water, and tumble dry only on low heat setting.  

Pellon SK135 Sheer-Knit interfacing 

This sheer-knit interfacing is a fusible tricot interfacing that is soft and sheer. It is best for underling and adding stabilization and support. It is made of 100% polyester. For use in clothing mainly, like blouses, lingerie, and lightweight fabrics. This interfacing is machine washable in warm water and can be dried on low heat.  

Pellon 950F ShirTailor 

ShirTalior is a non-woven firm fusible interfacing that is excellent for stabilizing tailored shirt collars and cuffs. This interfacing gives a smooth, neat, and professional look to your clothing projects. ShirTailor is best for use with light to medium weight women and knit fabrics for shirting. This includes fabrics like chambray, oxford cloth, gingham, pincord, and polyester-cotton blends. It gives a lengthwise grain excellent for stability and crosswise stretch that is for shaping.  ShirTailor is made of 100% polyester and machine washable in warm water. Tumble dry on medium to low heat only. Safe for sewing on sewing machines.  

Pellon 725 Heavy-Duty Wonder-Under 

His heavy-duty wonder-under has a paper-backing that is fusible on both sides. With this product, you can make any fabric that you can iron into a fusible piece of fabric. It fuses material onto another fabric or any porous surface like cardboard and wood. Great for crafting and garment decorating. This is also wonderful for applique work. You iron on the first piece of fabric with the paper backing still on the other side. Then remove the paper and iron it onto the other object you want to fuse it onto. This interfacing has no grain and can be cut in all directions and won’t lose its shape. It can be washed and dried according to the fabric it is affixed to. Don’t use fabric softener with this interfacing. It is made of 100% polyester. Safe for your sewing machine and hand sewing.  

Pellon 82 Two-Sided Fusible Décor-Bond Stabilizer 

This fusible decor-bond stabilizer is an excellent supportive non-woven backing for added lightweight support on projects. It adds a crisp and smooth look. With a double-sided fusible backing. It is machine washable if the fabric you apply it to is washable. Follow directions with that fabric on washing and don’t go above warm water wash and low drying. This is a wonderful stabilizer for things like placemats, lampshades, curtains, accessories, craft projects, and home decor items. It is made of 90% polyester and 10% rayon.  

Pellon Flex-Foam 2-Sided Fusible Interfacing 

This is a 2-Sided Fusible interfacing that is lightweight and consists of a layer of foam in-between two layers of fabric. This is excellent for use in crafts, accessories, and home decor projects. I can be used alone or with other stabilizers. It is sewing machine safe. It should be washed in warm water, gentle cycle, and tumble dry on low heat. This 2-sided flex-foam is fusible on both sides, making it great for projects. These include purses, tote bags, placemats, eyeglasses cases, computer cases, cup holders, and much much more. It is made of 100% polyester fabric outer and 100% polyurethane Inner foam.   

Pellon 990 Medium Loft Volume Fleece 

This medium loft volume fleece consists of high-quality polyester fibers. It is very soft and great for interlining and padding. Medium loft volume fleece is a sew-in interlining. Projects include quilting, wall hangings, apparel, accessories, bags, and accessories. This interlining can be washed on warm and dried on a low heat setting in the dryer. This loft fleece gives a fluffy soft loft to your projects. Made of 100% polyester. It is safe to be sewn on the sewing machine.  

Pellon 50 Heavyweight Stabilizer 

This heavyweight stabilizer is a sew-in stabilizer that extra firm stiffening and body to your sewing and crafting projects. This stabilizer should not be used with the iron. High head temperatures aren’t suitable for this stabilizer. It is safe for sewing with a sewing machine. Machine wash on the warm and tumble dry on low or air dry. For use in printing applications, backpacks, draperies, etc.  

Pellon® 810 Tru-Grid™ 

Tru-Grid™ is a 1″ graph grid that allows you to create, alter, duplicate, and enlarge different designs. This fabric-like material cuts, sews, pleats, and gathers up like real fabric. Tru-Grid™ stays the original shape with the straight of grain. It is strong yet a lightweight sheer that can be basted, and used for slopers. This grid material is not meant to be used as a stabilizer. This grid fabric is suitable for quilt piecing and creating wall hangings and other craft projects. It is sewing machine safe and made of 100% polyester.  

Pellon 807 Wonder-Web 

Wonder web is an interfacing that is a fusible web that will adhere to fabric or any other porous object like wood and cardboard. It is suitable for use with apparel, crafting project, home decor, and other items. Wonder-web is made of 100% polyester and is sewing machine safe. Machine wash on a warm and tumble dry on medium heat or air dry. Don’t’ use fabric softener with this product. It will lessen the adhesive bond over time. 

Pellon EK130 Easy Knit

The use of easy knit interfacing will add structure and body to garments. Great for use with jackets, pants, dresses, etc. It is a fusible knit that is lightweight, which has lengthwise grain as well as a crosswise stretch for flexibility and shaping. This is best used with light to medium weight knits, sweater knits, woven fabrics, and knitted fabrics. Easy knit is made of 100% polyester and is machine washable. Tumble dry on low or air dry. Safe for all sewing machines.  

Pellon® 380 Soft-N-Stay™ 

380 Soft-N-Stay™ is a lightweight, sew-in stabilizer mainly used with garments. It holds up well to wear and multiple washes. It is a soft, non-woven stabilizer that is wonderful for use with garments that have direct contact with the skin. This stabilizer is suitable for projects like sleepwear, knits, and open weave type fabrics. It is made from 100% acid-free nylon and is sewing machine safe. Machine wash warm water setting and dry on low heat. 

Pellon 911FF Fusible Featherweight 

This fusible, non-woven lightweight interface is suitable for light to medium weight fabrics. It is made of a blended material consisting of polyester and rayon. Great for use with knits and woven fabrics such as jersey, chambray, broadcloth, and linen. It is safe for sewing your sewing machine. It is machine washable with warm water and can be tumbled dry on medium to low heat setting. 

Pellon 906F Fusible Sheerweight

This fusible sheer weight stabilizer is an ultra-lightweight, non-woven, for lightweight and sheer fabrics. Use this stabilizer for woven fabrics like linen, crepe de chine, and voile. Fusible sheer weight is made of 100% polyester and is safe for the sewing machine. Machine wash warm and dry on low.  

Pellon 884 Cut A Way Stabilizer 

This cut-a-way stabilizer is a non-woven soft stabilizer for use in embroidery with medium-weight to heavyweight fabrics. It helps to prevent puckering of the material with machine embroidery. Also used for monogramming and applique work. It is made from 60% polyester, 40% rayon. Cut-a-way is machine washable in warm water on a regular wash cycle, tumble dry on low. It is safe for sewing and embroidery machines. 

Pellon® 910 Sew-In Featherweight 

Sew-in featherweight stabilizer is lightweight, non-woven interfacing for lightweight to medium-weight fabrics. It is very similar to the fusible featherweight but doesn’t come with the adhesive on one side. It is excellent for use with materials such as chambray, jersey, broadcloth, challis, and linen. Applications of this interfacing are best for dresses, shirts, lightweight garments. Made of 100% polyester, it is sewing machine safe. You can machine wash it in warm water and tumble dry on low heat.  

Pellon® 551 Sol-U-Film™ 

Sol-u-film is a water-soluble stabilizer for use with embroidery. It is excellent for machine embroidery, cut-work, appliqué, and monogramming. It allows the actual fabric you are working with to retain its natural shape and keep the threads from sinking into the fabric. Best for materials like pique, netting, sportswear, terrycloth, towels, and anything with a nap to it. This stabilizer is translucent and dissolves completely in water. Made of 100% polyvinyl alcohol. It is safe to be sewn on your sewing machine.   

Pellon 845 Designers Lite Fusible 

Designer’s Lite™ is non-woven, fusible interfacing for light to medium weight fabrics. It is excellent for adding body and shape without excess weight and stiffness. This stabilizer grain has both crosswise stretch for shaping and lengthwise grain for added stability. It is a soft interfacing that tends to pill less after multiple washes and wear. It is best for use with materials like twill, wool, gabardine, velvet, denim, cotton, and polyester knits. Made of 70% nylon and 30% polyester. It is safe for the sewing machine. Machine wash warm with mild detergent and tumble dry on a low heat setting.  

Pellon 888P Wonder-Under Stretch Paper-Backed Fusible Web 

This stabilizer is much like the regular Wonder-Under®, except it has a fusible paper-backing.  It is a very lightweight, fusible webbing that has multi-directional stretch. It is great for costumes, activewear, etc. This stabilizer remains soft and flexible once affixed to your fabric. It is easy to use and safe for sewing on your sewing machine. Made of 100% polyurethane. It is machine washable on a warm water setting and can be dried on a low heat setting in the dryer.  

Pellon® EK130 Easy-Knit® Fusible Interfacing 

This fusible knit interfacing adds supple support for jackets, dresses, and pants. Use this interfacing with light to medium weight knits, wovens, and sweater knits. It is excellent for use with fabrics such as wool, gabardine, and flannel. It consists of 100% Polyester, which is acid-free. Machine wash warm, never use chlorine bleach, tumble dry on medium heat. Use only on a cool iron setting.  

Pellon 180 Knit N Stable Fusible

Knit-N-Stable™ is a sheer fusible knit stabilizer that comes in 20 inches wide by the foot and tape formats. It helps prevent shredding of the fabric when embroidery of very dense stitching. It helps to also protect the skin from the embroidery stitching. The tape variety is excellent for hems, necklines, cuffs, and collars. Best for use with fabrics like silk, lame, satin, chamois, and spandex. It comes in white and black. It is made of 100% polyester. Sewing machine safe. Machine wash on a warm and tumble dry on low heat. Warm iron only.  

Pellon 783 Woven Sew-In Stabilizer Medium Weight

Woven Sew-In is excellent all-purpose interfacing for light to medium weight fabrics. This sew-in stabilizer adds crispness and body to your sewing and crafting project. Woven sew-in is for fabrics like chambray, calico, cotton, poplin, and oxford cloth. This stabilizer can be used as a stand-alone fabric. It is sewing machine safe and machine washable. Tumble dry on low heat. Made of 55% cotton and 45% polyester.  

Peel n Stick Instant Bond Fabric Fuse Sheets

These peel n stick sheets are for permanently fusing fabric to fabric without sewing. This fusible interfacing is suitable for patches, scout badges, ribbons, and appliqueing. It is safe to use in the sewing machine but might gum up the needle, so you need to watch for this to happen. It is machine washable and can be dried on a low heat setting in the dry.  

Pellon 931TD Fusible Midweight Interfacing

This medium weight fusible interfacing helps add body and stiffen fabric that you are working with. Fusible midweight interfacing is a non-woven fusible that is for clothing, home decor, and crafting projects. Best for use with activewear, dresses, shirts, lining with snaps and buttons, pillows, curtains, purses, and bags. It’s washable and should be dried on low heat setting in the dry. This interfacing is made of 100% polyester fabric. Safe for all sewing machines.  

Pellon® SF785 Woven Sew-In 

This is an all-purpose sew-in woven interfacing for light to medium weight fabrics. It adds crispness and body to your sewing projects. Excellent for shirts, dresses, and jackets. Use with materials such as oxford cloth, poplin, chambray, and calico.  It is made of a cotton/polyester blend, consisting of 55% cotton and 45% polyester. It is safe for the sewing machine. Iron at a wool/steam setting on your iron. Machine wash on warm water setting. Tumble dry on a medium heat or dry clean. 

Pellon P45JAS Sew-In Interfacing 

This interfacing is a lightweight sew-in that is pliable that provides dimension and structure to garment sewing. These all include cuffs, collars, buttonholes, etc. It is safe for sewing on a sewing machine and made of 100% acid-free polyester. This machine-washable interfacing can be washed in warm water and dried on low heat setting. Gives the best support to medium weighted fabrics such as knits, woven, linen, and broadcloth. 

Other interfacings and stabilizers

I know there are more interfacings and stabilizers out there that I didn’t list. If you have any others you would like me to add, let me know in the comments.